Automotive Tests

Automotive Tests

For many years, EUROLAB has been offering domestic and international automotive testing and certification services. Automotive testing services by EUROLAB include safety, reliability, longevity, durability and functionality.

Automotive Tests

In addition to the wide range of services we offer for all types of product manufacturers, we offer a portfolio of services specifically for the automotive industry. 

EUROLAB Automotive Tests

Conveniently located to provide quick turnaround on complex projects, EUROLAB is one of the most equipped automotive component testing laboratories in the country. Our lab, with a team of engineers who understand your industry, can provide complete automotive testing solutions for manufacturers, contractors and subcontractors.

Some of EUROLAB's automotive tests are;

  • Vibration test: Vibration and shock can have profound effects on a vehicle's long-term performance and reliability. Testing these conditions requires powerful tools to increase the cumulative forces experienced in years of driving. Our laboratory is equipped with electro-dynamic vibration systems that provide 16.000 force pounds vertically and horizontally, as well as servo-hydraulic vibrators containing 10 force pounds with a 20.000-inch stroke. Both of these can be equipped with sophisticated data collection tools that record acceleration, strain, load, torque, sound, pressure, voltage and various other measurements.
  • Climate test: The average vehicle is exposed to various environmental conditions throughout its life. Knowing how a vehicle will react to extreme temperatures, humidity and other conditions is an important design issue. To make this easier, EUROLAB has several environmental simulation rooms, including a dual vehicle driver's room. We can accurately recreate thermal shock, corrosion, sand and salt, atmospheric pressure and many other conditions.
  • Mechanical test: EUROLAB provides mechanical tests for automotive engines and other components. We also do fluid dynamics analysis, leak detection and more. EUROLAB is equipped with various automotive testing systems, including linear and rotary servo-hydraulic actuators, MTS control systems, helium mass spectrometry and more for stress testing of automotive materials. We can design a custom automotive component test protocol that helps you meet regulatory challenges while designing safer and more efficient vehicles.

In addition to the numerous dynamic, environmental and EMI tests offered by EUROLAB to automotive customers, we also offer industry-specific tests such as:

  • Dynamometer Test
  • Gravelometer Test
  • Pressure Impact Test
  • Coatings / Paint Tests

Hybrid / Electric Vehicle Test

Recognizing the importance of this growing market segment, EUROLAB has invested in the tools necessary to test hybrid and electric vehicle components. This includes a 600hp high speed regeneration dynamometer equipped with 600V / 400A battery simulator, which can provide advanced powertrain testing. Our team also designs custom data acquisition and control systems, and we can develop dynamo equipment consecutively for thermal loop and durability testing.

Whether you work with gas, diesel, EV / HEV or alternative fuel vehicles, EUROLAB has technical features to provide advanced automotive engine testing and other services. Our facilities are accredited by the American Laboratory Accreditation Association (A2LA) and commissioned by a team of expert engineers with a long history in the business. 

About Automotive Tests

Automotive testensures longevity of a vehicle. Regular testing of components, from emissions to engines, can ensure the safety and longevity of the parts and cars in which they are located.

Stress testing of various systems and components puts parts through the extreme points of real world scenarios. If parts can withstand the most demanding tests, they can easily withstand the typical uses of heavy drivers. It negatively affects both the environment and its tools and parts.

You can see that your products need testing not only to ensure compliance, but for a variety of reasons. Some additional reasons for requiring automotive testing include:

  • Preventing cases: If your components do not meet the regulations or have some kind of failure, you may be sued. Producing test results that show that your products are working can stop the litigation process or prevent costly recalls.
  • Compliance with environmental standards: The government sets specific maximum values ​​for specific greenhouse gas emissions from vehicles, and the manufacturer must comply with this. You need to test to make sure your production line meets government requirements.
  • Providing advantage to your products: To prove that your vehicles or components outperform the competition or perform better, you need evidence to support it. Qualified testing creates the data you need to show consumers that you have better products than your competitors.
  • Testing a design: Testing a design before it is put into production verifies whether it is necessary to replace something before producing expensive errors in the final manufacturing phase. The design test from an external facility gives more confidence to the test because the results are interpreted by an independent third party.
  • Meeting arrangements: To sell your products, they must meet safety or design requirements. Independent tests that verify that your vehicle components meet basic requirements allow you to manufacture and sell your parts to manufacturers or consumers.

Automotive Test Types

The roots of the tests you choose for your components are due to the reasons for your testing. The tests cover the durability of your parts and the environmental impact of operating them. Automotive testing procedures typically look at component durability or external flexibility. Within these two broad categories, there are several tests designed to verify your parts' ability to measure the required standards.

Part Durability Tests

The longevity of your components depends on their continued performance under various stresses. Mechanical testing ensures that your parts are free from the attack of the physical force encountered during overuse.

Here are nine common automotive parts tests:

1. Vibration Test

Driving creates constant vibrations in the vehicle's chassis and components. Our vibration test places the tool at extreme ends to ensure durability. During the vibration test, ambient movements in the building can pollute the results, but our facility takes into account environmental movement using high mass bases and airbags. These devices ensure that our results are correct.

Our test equipment can apply up to 70.000 pounds of force with shaker shaking together. A single shaker can apply up to 45.000 forces. The test has 60 data channels. As soon as the test is over, we will give you immediate results and receive a detailed report.

The vibration test helps you improve your component design by identifying weak spots when the part is exposed to random vibrations up to failure. Since vibrations occur in all types of transport, the safety and longevity of the parts are based on withstanding both fixed and irregular movements. To see how much your components can take, you need to test them for vibration.

2. Climatic Tests

The environment plays an important role in the lifetime of cars and their components. Some climates have conditions that promote early wear. Hot and cold tips can create stress on automotive parts. We pass the parts through environmental simulations to see how long the components last. Climatic tests examine UV exposure, hot, cold, dry and wet conditions.

Moisture levels are especially important for metal parts that can rust over time. This is what makes moisture testing important for car components. In many areas, such as coastal or humid locations, excessive moisture in the air can cause the car's coatings to rust, the paint of the vehicle to be corroded or the electrical parts to malfunction. Since temperature and humidity tend to rise together, we test both together.

3. Mechanical Tests

Mechanical processes can wear out over time and become less efficient. In cars that rely on both electrical and mechanical systems operating at the top to keep the vehicle running, physical work testing is critical. Automotive mechanics tests include examining engine performance and efficiency from various systems. We do leak detection, fluid dynamics analysis, stress testing and more. Our tests enable your engines to meet or exceed legal requirements without sacrificing the performance consumers need from your brand.

4. Pressure Impact Test

The pressure impact test puts the hydraulic components of your system step by step. Multiple systems use fluid motion to create mechanical motion. Regular tests ensure that the system maintains pressure and operates as expected throughout its intended lifetime. New designs or models must undergo rigorous testing to prove performance level matches or to exceed previous iterations. Pressure impulse testing can help measure the effectiveness of the hydraulic system.

Our pressure impact testing equipment can test both dynamic and static pressures. Our test equipment, which includes both rotary and linear servo-hydraulic actuators, reaches up to 30.000 psi at 8.000 Hz. Our installation for static testing can reach higher pressures of 30.000 psi. In addition to examining the effects of stress during testing, we can also measure torque, strain, flow and force.

5. Emission Control Systems Test

Reducing pollution is more important than ever. A single passenger car generates an average of 4,6 metric tons of carbon dioxide per year. Internal combustion engines release other harmful substances in addition to carbon dioxide. To alleviate the environmental impact of these pollutants, the federal government has set standards for emissions. Engine components and emission systems should be tested to determine the amount of greenhouse gas emitted. Pollution engines can impose heavy fines from governments from governments without proper testing.

6. Emission Bench Test

EPA always strengthens the requirements for greenhouse gas emissions from road vehicles. A typical emission bench can measure amounts of carbon monoxide, methane, hydrocarbons, nitrogen oxides and carbon dioxide. It is very important to comply with the EPA's requirements to avoid fines. Fortunately, 21 of the 19 vehicle manufacturers did not have an emission gap from 2016 to 2017. Borrowing companies only had three years to break greenhouse gas emissions by reducing the amounts from their vehicles to meet federal standards. Between 2012 and 2025, EPA will increase standards and solidify over time to reduce greenhouse emissions. The bench test of gas outlets from an engine can verify suitability to guide the manufacturer to change the design of the engine.

7. Catalytic Aging Test

A catalytic converter becomes less efficient as it ages. The catalytic converter is an important component of the emission control system. In some states there are strict requirements for catalytic converters that can be installed on vehicles sold in these locations. The catalytic converter function is vital to the ability of the engine to comply with emission requirements, and early failure of a catalytic converter can indicate a product that needs to be redesigned.

You will need aging catalytic automotive testing services to test how quickly the efficiency of a catalytic converter decreases. These services can test the limits of a catalytic converter without waiting on average 100.000 miles to reach its typical life. Also, catalytic converters age faster when oil leaks from the engine. The aging test program can see what happens to the catalytic converter over time, which contaminates or does not contain the system.

Creating reliable catalytic converters is essential for vehicle emission systems and vehicle owners. Typically, the life of the catalytic converter is the same as how long a typical driver has been using the car. These similar time intervals are advantageous because the replacement of catalytic converters is extremely expensive due to the precious metals used in the structure of catalytic converters. If a driver cannot replace the catalytic converter, much more contaminants contribute to the air that the catalytic converter would normally neutralize. Ensuring that a catalytic converter is long-lasting may prevent this scenario from happening.

8. SHED Test

SHED stands for evaporation determination in the enclosure. This test method allows the measurement of evaporative emissions from an engine. Due to stricter emission laws, such automotive tests are likely to become even more popular in the coming years. SHED is a measuring device that measures emissions from a fuel system or a system component.

Unlike other tests that examine individual components, the SHED test can measure the amount of evaporative emissions from the fuel system. Mini or micro SHEDs are required to test smaller pieces. Measuring evaporative emission amounts means testing the effectiveness of the fuel system's ability to collect and release fuel vapors.

9. Canister Loading Test

Canister loading tests the filling and emptying of evaporative emission canisters. Testing the canister load and discharge allows the evaporative emission system to accurately reduce contaminants escaping from the fuel system. The ability of a can to absorb and release fuel vapors is an important component of the evaporative emission system. Without a properly loaded and cleaned box, the vehicle will be more polluting and work much less efficiently.

External Tests

If the exterior of a vehicle protects the interior and cannot withstand the standard stress, it will undoubtedly fail in unusual situations. Paints and coatings in the vehicles protect the vehicle against rust and wear. However, some environmental components such as gravel, sea spray and road salt can wear off the paint or coating early. The test verifies the durability of a surface layer in these extreme cases.

1. Coatings and Paint Tests

Testing paint and exterior coatings ensures that these coatings are as durable as expected. Our paint and coating tests include examining abrasion and weather resistance. Testers pass the paint through various test programs to determine the reliability of the product. They can only be used for vehicles when the coatings pass the tests.

Testers expose the dye to more than one tension. The abrasion test draws the paint to see the scratch level that the paint can withstand. The ability of paints to avoid damage from minor scratches is highly desirable for consumers. In addition, resistance to this damage prolongs the life of the vehicle's coating. Although aftermarket paint jobs are available, most consumers want the paint on their vehicles to last for the life of the vehicle.

Salt mist repeats exposure of paint to road salt or sea salt spray. Although not every climate needs this test, it is important for cold winters or places exposed to the shore. Weather tests are required for paint durability in rain and sun, even in locations that do not necessarily require salt fog tests. 

Tests the paint's ability to look good when exposed to automotive fluids such as chemical resistance, antifreeze, coolant, windshield wiper fluid, oil and gasoline. Since the paint is inevitable to be exposed to these substances, the quality performance in chemical resistance tests is necessary for the paint to pass the threshold of work.

2. Gravelometer Test

The Gravelometer test is another way to measure the resistance of a coating to abrasion. In a gravelometer test, samples contain 300 pebbles with the air pressure of the machine. How much of the coating is chipped determines the results of the test. We do our tests according to ASTM and SAE standards, so it can be trusted that the final scores from this test and all our automotive test programs are accurate.

Autonomous Vehicle Production Test

Autonomous vehicle production testing ensures that self-driving cars are safe for people inside and outside the vehicle. In self-driving cars, there are many new safety hazards that are not a factor for manually driven cars. Concerns surrounding self-driving vehicles include the safety of the vehicle, the safety of others, and how autonomous vehicles will respond in an emergency.

Testing these vehicles involves testing both mechanical and electrical components of cars. EUROLAB works with experts who can help you test autonomous vehicles for safety and performance.

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