Ammunition and Firearms Tests

Ballistic MIL-SPEC Tests

Ammunition and Firearms Tests

One of the nation's largest network of ISO / IEC 17025 accredited test laboratories, EUROLAB has been offering MIL-STD turnkey testing solutions, including long-time ammunition testing and firearm testing. All of our facilities are state-of-the-art and our staff who always want to share their knowledge and opinions to determine the right tests for your needs are among the best in the industry.

Ammunition and Firearms Tests

EUROLAB has vibration testing systems that can produce 3.000 pounds of force with a drop tower and a firing range of 150 meters, as well as hazardous material shakers that can operate at temperatures between -300 ° and 40.000 ° F.

Our facilities for quality small arms and body armor tests, including indoor and outdoor series, X-ray CT scanning, Doppler radar, FARO laser scanning, and Phantom high-speed cameras, are great resources. Each facility has engineers and expert staff for ballistic testing for law enforcement and defense applications.

Developing special ammunition requires strict test protocols. If you are looking for reliable test results in this area, our team is ready to share its expertise.

Testing Ballistic Forces

The continuous development of time, experience and knowledge has made our engineers fully familiar with the ballistic field. We are aware of the high security standards expected for army members, law enforcement, and others tasked with using firearms and ammunition, as well as the extreme physical forces involved in the test.

We will dive into pressure, speed, accuracy and dispersion to better understand the unique thermodynamic release of energy from ballistic tests. These are some of the key strengths and performance areas that have been examined with firearms and ammunition testing, giving such precise results.

Ballistic Test: Pressure

From the simplest point of view, a firearm can be considered an extremely special form of reciprocating engine, in which the projectile becomes a functioning piston. Of course, the delivery of the force generated by firing fuel with a firearm is a firing pin that hits a cartridge that needs to focus on the targeted target. Simultaneously, the minimum amount of energy - or kickback - should be felt by the shooter.

The pressures applied on the barrels and cartridges of firearms and ammunition are remarkable to fulfill this task. It is precisely why someone needs to be tested under controlled laboratory conditions when developing new forms. The pressure inside the firearms is measured in pounds per square inch (PSI) and is extremely high.

Let's compare these high level internal PSIs with other physical objects. The average toy balloon has an internal pressure of roughly 15 PSI, an unopened champagne bottle comes at about 90 PSI, and a high-performance rocket engine can exceed 3.500 PSI. However, these figures are pale compared to the average .25.000 caliber long rifle, which is supposed to operate under a pressure of 60.000 PSI, with a cartridge that can exceed 22 PSI.

Ballistic Test: Speed ​​(SAAMI)

Determining the speed or speed of the ammunition is critical for several reasons - most importantly, it is not that gravity can pull a bullet down and out of its intended target. Ammunition and firearm manufacturers rely on EUROLAB's quality test to provide information about important measurements such as the muzzle velocity or the speed of the bullet as it exits the gun's barrel.

Ballistic Test: Accuracy

In military and law enforcement, lives, missions and results mostly depend on the accuracy of firearms, ammunition, missiles and other orbital delivery systems. Testers use the Ballistic Accuracy Classification (BAC) system to verify the accuracy of firearms and related components to hit with a precise target with precise precision.

Under the BAC system, firearms can be classified according to their ability to hit the same target repeatedly and meticulously. Theoretically, a perfect shot will pass through the same hole as the previous shot; It scores the BAC rating as 0. Therefore, under real-world conditions, the lowest possible BAC rating is 1, and higher ratings indicate less accurate firearms.

Ballistic Test: Dispersion

Just like the energy coming from a beam of light spreads over the area where it is used, firing a bullet causes it to hit a target. When it reaches the target, the degree of deviation from the intended contact point is known as the distribution.

The ammunition can be fired from any number of fixed or mobile equipment, from a prone sniper with a long-range rifle to a fighter pilot sitting inside a supersonic jet equipped with a high-speed missile system. Test results for the spread of the bullets reveal critical information for ammunition and firearm manufacturers.

Full Service Ammunition and Firearms Test

You will find air-conditioned ammunition fired at our fully equipped range of 300 meters and 3.000 meters ballistic test series against the full range and engagement azimuths. Weapons can be fired from a wide variety of advanced, fully instrumented shooting positions.

There are many high-speed digital video cameras available, with typical frame rates in each range, up to 160.000 frames per second (fps). Our engineers have the technology and knowledge to:

  • Characterization, penetration, performance, and functional arena test with ITOP 4-2-813 and FM 101-51-3 Z data to identify fragment mass and velocity spatial distributions to support killing assessment.
  • Comprehensive environmental tests IAW MIL-STD-810 component and all tours including vibration, shock, temperature, humidity, altitude, rain, sand and dust, mushroom and pyrotechnic shock.
  • Fuze and Fuze Systems test including MIL-STD-331 Jolt, Jumble, Environmental and ESD.

Ammunition Test Types

Our state-of-the-art facility includes in-house case calibration for greater repeatability, more accurate data sets and faster turnaround time. It also has Piezo-electric transducers for pressure measurement and a variety of SAAMI and NATO conformity test casks. Ammunition testing is done according to the Ministry of Defense and NATO protocols. We can provide customized test plans on request.

Our engineers masterly perform the following ammunition tests:

  • Pressure and speed measurement
  • Rehearsal test
  • Abrasion test
  • Non-lethal tests
  • Bullet characterization
  • Quality control audit
  • Performance evaluations for accuracy and distribution
  • Abrasive lining test
  • Primary sensitivity test
  • Environmental tests

Firearm Test Types

IAW test standards and test methods:

  • sami
  • NIJ 0112.03
  • TOP-3-2-045

Firearm Tests include:

  • Accuracy and Dispersion
  • Barrel erosion and barrel life
  • Weapon durability
  • Trigger pull
  • Recoil
  • Shock transmittance
  • Rehearsal test
  • Indoor and outdoor range options

Firearm Safety Device (FSD) Test

  • lockboxes
  • Gun cabinets
  • Weapon safes
  • Cable locks
  • Room locks
  • Magazine blocks
  • Asthma
  • Trigger locks

State-of-the-art instrumentation and measurement equipment, including:

  • FARO laser scanners and point probes
  • Doppler Radar System for continuous speed measurements
  • High speed video cameras (color and monochrome)
    - 1ms exposure, up to 100.000 frames per second
    - 2D and 3D video analysis (speed monitoring)
  • Highly accurate and calibrated speed measuring devices
    - Optical Screens
    - Magnetic Screens (for small parts)
    - Paper crushing screens for special requirements
  • Ballistic clay and gel test
  • Various environmental chambers
  • Accelerometers and force transducers
  • X-ray computed tomography
  • Digital radiography
  • Ultrasound
  • Paint penetrating
  • Magnetic particle inspection

For the Best in Ballistic Test

We are the leader in providing technical competence, well-calibrated equipment, modern facilities, specially designed, reliable and consistent testing services.

We are here to support and partner manufacturers that serve the vital needs of the army, government, and law enforcement agencies. Together, we finally offer safe and consistently compatible products. You will always find us ready to help in a respectful, professional and creative way that offers you tailored and timely solutions.

To learn more about EUROLAB ammunition and firearm testing services, contact us today or request a free quote for your upcoming project.

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