Metal tests are tests carried out to determine the composition of an unknown metallic substance. These tests are carried out with destructive and non-destructive methods. Metal tests can also be performed to determine the properties of forged metal alloys.
Non-destructive methods leave the original sample completely reusable and do not damage the compound. However, in most cases, when working with alloys of metals, it may be necessary to separate the original sample into its constituents, then perform tests and analyzes, and perform some measurements and calculations in order to fully detect the composition.
Once the components have been identified, they can be investigated and matched with known alloys. In this case, the original sample is destroyed in this process. These test methods are destructive methods.
Briefly, in destructive tests, the material is subjected to mechanical tests and finally discarded. Test results are compared with certain standards and specifications. The main destructive metal tests are: bending test, impact test (charpy test and isod test), hardness test, tensile test, fatigue test, corrosion resistance test and wear test.
In non-destructive tests, the original sample is tested according to the relevant standard specifications, but this sample is not damaged by the tests. The main non-destructive metal tests are: visual test, paint penetration inspection, magnetic particle inspection, radiographic test, ultrasonic inspection, leak test, eddy current test, remote field electromagnetic test and long range ultrasonic test.
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