MIL-STD-810 Test

Defense Tests

MIL-STD-810 Test

Buying a rugged device means obtaining a more durable and reliable device under harsh environmental conditions than ordinary consumer products. Equipment manufacturers rely on test standards such as MIL-STD-810G (Mil-Spec) when extreme operating conditions require robust technology.

MIL-STD-810 Test

What is MIL-STD-810?

The MIL-STD-810 test method standard for environmental engineering issues and laboratory testing is a publication of the U.S. Department of Defense with contributions from the U.S. Army, Air Force and Navy, as well as the Institute of Environmental Sciences and Technology (IEST). Shock and Vibration Information Analysis Center (SAVIAC) “The primary elements are the same - (except Method 528), adapts the environmental design of a material and test limits to the conditions in which a particular material will live throughout its service life, and instead of trying to replicate the media themselves, the lab repeats the effects of the media on the material. test methods must be created. However, the "G" revision provides a preliminary explanation of how the environmental tailoring process will be implemented throughout the material acquisition cycle. ”(MIL-STD-810G, Part One, Forward, 1.0)

First released in 1961, MIL-STD-810 was subjected to a number of versions with new test methods, descriptions and different test intensities and durations. The current version - MIL-STD-810G - was released on October 5, 2003, which replaced MIL-STD-810F, which was last updated on May 21, 2008.

The MIL-STD-810 standard is designed to rely on the environmental value and durability of material system designs and offers test methods to achieve the following objectives:

  • Define environmental stress sequences, times, and equipment lifecycle levels
  • Develop analysis and test criteria according to the material and environmental life cycle
  • Evaluate material performance when exposed to environmental stresses life cycle
  • Identify deficiencies, deficiencies and defects in material design, materials, production processes, packaging techniques and maintenance methods
  • Show compliance with contract terms 

MIL-STD-810 commercial application

While MIL-STD-810 has been prepared for use by all departments and agencies of the U.S. Department of Defense, it is also used to create the perfect basis for testing commercial products. Computer, mobile phone and other equipment manufacturers are usually tested to the standard and marketed as MIL-STD-810 compliant or rugged.

MIL-STD-810 Test Methods

MIL-STD-810 includes 28 test methods covering a wide range of environmental conditions such as rain, vibration, dust, humidity, extreme temperatures, shock and salt fog. EUROLAB engineers fully master MIL-STD-810 standards and can help your products demonstrate the required compatibility. EUROLAB can perform all tests included in MIL-STD-810 as described below.

Method 500.5 - Altitude

The altitude test examines high-altitude assemblies and parts, such as an airplane cockpit. The tests also subject parts (seals, safety equipment, launch mechanisms and optical gear) to rapid and destructive decompression.

The proper height test takes into account how devices can withstand rapid changes in temperature, humidity and pressure. Transition altitude testing offers superior quality assurance, which can be an important selling point for a product.

EUROLAB can accurately reproduce high altitude conditions in laboratories. In addition to a combination of altitude, temperature and humidity, altitude / vibration tests, and explosive decompression tests, we test straight altitudes up to 100.000 feet. Our test rooms contain both components and complete devices. It also offers a ramp up speed for standard height testing from 5 to 0 feet in less than 100.000 minutes.

Our experience in environmental simulation and the size of our altitude rooms have given us a number of defense-related projects. One of the most trusted names in the country, EUROLAB has helped major aviation and aviation companies face regulatory challenges while offering high quality products.

Methods 501.5 and 502.5 - High Temperature / Low Temperature and Method 507.5 Humidity

The temperature test examines how components and systems behave in environments with high temperatures. These tests evaluate the probability of failure due to mechanical failures, material degradation and parameter shifts.

Test methods examine the durability of the product when it is closed when exposed to high or low temperatures. The methods also examine the functional ability of a device under extreme temperatures.

Products exposed to moisture for a long time tend to deteriorate. Coatings fail, fuels break down and electrical equipment break down. The moisture test examines how components and systems behave in environments with variable relative humidity. Such tests assess the probability of failure caused by rapid water or frost formation, fogging and watertight failures.

EUROLAB has been performing climate tests for a long time, so we understand the various temperature and humidity tests needed to provide the most reliable, high-performance products. Our temperature tests include the thermal loop used to evaluate solder connection reliability.

EUROLAB performs temperature and humidity tests on its own or as a combined environment test. Combined environment testing combines temperature, humidity and vibration tests in most private room installations.

Method 503.5 - Temperature Shock

The thermal shock test usually includes a temperature change rate of 30 ° C per minute or higher. The test can be useful for any device or component that needs to withstand sudden temperature changes in a short time, such as when products travel to warm indoor sub-freezing outdoors.

EUROLAB offers several protocols to test products against the effects of thermal shock, to comply with MIL-STD-810 and other standards. Test items are subjected to air-to-air thermal shock testing, where a product passes from one extreme temperature to another by mechanical means. EUROLAB can customize luminaires to fit a larger size for items that cannot be moved from one room to another by elevator.

EUROLAB also uses thermocouples to record and document the temperature of items when exposed to extreme temperatures.

Method 505.5 - Solar Radiation

Exposure to solar radiation can damage equipment used and stored outdoors, which makes the evaluation of materials when exposed to radiation and the heating effect of direct sunlight exposure vital for task success.

EUROLAB operates the latest solar radiation facilities using proprietary radiation sources to provide radiation to the most demanding requirements of spectral content and requirements. The solar radiation test includes heating tests to measure the effect of prolonged exposure to heat, in addition to actinic effect tests to measure prolonged exposure to sunlight.

We have the capacity to test devices of all sizes and we can help ensure compatibility with MIL-STD-810 by testing glass and transparent armor, carbon fiber, plastic and elastomers, electrical components, communication equipment, alternative power cells and unmanned aerial vehicles.

Method 508.6 - Mushrooms

Products designed to operate in hot, humid environments should be able to withstand fungal attacks. Mushroom growth can cause changes in the optical, mechanical and electrical properties of a material, thereby compromising the system or component. EUROLAB, with decades of expertise in the effect of the fungus, EUROLAB can simulate exact conditions for fungal contamination. We can also develop a test program to ensure compliance with any MIL-STD-810 standards.

Method 509.5 - Salt Mist Test

Products exposed to the elements must be able to withstand the possibility of corrosion. Salt spray and fog resistance provide a higher quality product. Salt fog and salt spray testing will help determine the effectiveness of protective coatings and surfaces in addition to the effect of salt on the electrical and physical aspects of a product.

Our EUROLAB testing facilities will accurately recreate the conditions that a product will encounter in bad weather conditions. This allows our engineers to isolate problem areas and make suggestions for improvements. Sealed salt spray chambers subject components to controlled doses of atomized sodium chloride solution. We use the latest data collection and analysis tools to evaluate the overall corrosion resistance of your product.

EUROLAB can test large systems and small parts, from military equipment, telecommunications equipment and power generators to automotive parts and consumer electronics.

Method 510.5 - Sand and Dust Test

Sand and dust can have a detrimental effect on sensitive electronics, not to mention the outer parts that protect electrical components. Military vehicles and standalone system components are currently one of the largest markets for dust testing.

The procedures test the effectiveness of exposing a product to particles smaller than 150 micrometers, as well as 150-850 micrometer particles.

EUROLAB has some of the largest and most sensitive sand and dust chambers in the industry and offers tests that can be modified according to specific requirements. Our engineers can make adjustments in real time to ensure that the tested products are exposed to the correct mix of harmful particulates.

Method 511.4 - Explosive Atmosphere

The explosive atmosphere test provides important information about engines, aircraft components, electronics, lighting systems and engines. Hot spots on product surfaces may ignite, causing an explosion. The Explosive Atmosphere test determines whether a product can operate in a highly volatile environment that is contaminated with fuel without causing an explosion.

EUROLAB provides comprehensive explosive tests for military, commercial aircraft, automotive, aerospace and operating room equipment. As a full service explosive atmosphere testing facility, EUROLAB can provide fuel and vapor mixtures using propane, hydrogen gas, jet aircraft fuel or hydrocarbon n-hexane.

Method 512.5 - Dipping

The immersion test evaluates how a product, component, or system works when immersed in or partially immersed in water or other liquids.

Method 513.6 - Acceleration

Acceleration testing exposes products to acceleration forces for a long time. Failure to withstand acceleration forces can result in structural deflection, leaks, stuck accelerators, damage to mounting hardware, pump cavitation, damage to circuit boards, non-working relays, blocked pressure, and irregular sensor function.

EUROLAB test facilities include centrifuges with electric slip rings that can accommodate up to 100 data and control channels. We can also provide swivels to facilitate pneumatic and hydraulic operation of test items. A wide variety of rotary configurations give our engineers considerable flexibility in operating and monitoring items during testing.

EUROLAB performs the following acceleration test:

  • Acceleration cycle
  • Centrifugal acceleration
  • Multi-axis acceleration test   
  • Load analysis 
  • Push application test

Method 514.6 - Vibration

The vibration test protocol reproduces the types of forces that will occur over the lifetime of a product. The random vibration test can detect weaknesses in the design and can be used in jet engines, cruise missiles, catalytic converters, motorcycle components and any product designed for transportation.

MIL-STD-810 covers a series of vibration tests that provide different procedures depending on whether vibration is expected during production, shipping or operation.

EUROLAB has long been a test partner for manufacturers and contractors on vibration. Our facilities have been established in accordance with best practices for insulation mass, inertial mass and reaction mass. Our test laboratories are also carefully calibrated to compensate for the impact of ambient vibrations on the testing process.

EUROLAB vibration test laboratories are equipped to perform various tests required to comply with MIL-STD-810 standards. With Tandem shakers, we can produce up to 70.000 pounds of power and up to 45.000 pounds in a single shaker. We also perform more than 200 GRMS vibration tests in a single band and can connect more than 100 data channels.

Method 516.6 - Shock

The shock test can determine whether the devices can withstand the high level of impacts and temperature changes encountered during transport and transportation. During testing, a device is subject to sudden and excessive acceleration or deceleration. Engineers analyze device responses to determine performance quality.

EUROLAB offers shock and vibration testing for electrical components, black boxes, antennas, hydraulic components and material samples. We use the following methods for mechanical shock testing: pyrotechnics, drop test to simulate pyro shock, drop towers to induce mechanical shock, air gun produced hydro shock, free fall and variable force testing techniques. Our test rooms can also quickly change the temperature of the test device.

Method 521.2 - Icing, Freezing of the Rain

Products exposed to the elements will likely encounter freezing temperatures. Rigorous tests will determine whether aircraft structures and controls can withstand frozen rain and ice. Such tests can be very important for ships in the oceans because freezing rain can hamper the performance of antennas, optical devices, and meteorological instruments.

EUROLAB provides climate-sourced icing tests that meet various regulatory standards. We can also adapt our test to the conditions for a particular product. We not only offer ice and freezing rain tests, but also testing to repeat the hail effect and rapid temperature changes.

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